General Facts

Frequently Questions

16’390,000 (2016)


256,370 Km² (99,027 square miles). The country is located on the Equatorial Line along the northwestern coast of South America and is bordered by Colombia to the north, Perú to the South and East and Pacific Ocean to the west. Ecuador offers 4 regions: the Andean highlands, the Coast or Shore Region, the Amazon or tropical jungle and the unique Galápagos Islands.


Although Ecuador is not a particularly large country, there is great variety in the climate, largely determined by altitude. In the highlands the temperature goes from 18º - 24° C at midday to a cool 8º C in the early morning and evening. Generally, the driest months in the Northern and Central Andes are from June to September. In the southern highlands, the driest months are from August to January.

The best time to travel to the Cost in Ecuador is from June until September. December until March is the wettest and hottest period. Temperature range from 28°C – 36° C.


The climate in the Amazon of Ecuador is characterized by an average of about 3500 - 3200 mm of rainfall per year and an average temperature of 23 – 27° C.


The Galapagos is a place that can be visited at any time, there are two seasons: the warmest is from January to April. Temperature range from 24°- 30°C.


Democratic Republic


Ecuador’s currency is the US Dollar


All visitors to Ecuador must have a passport valid at least six months. Please verify that your passport has been stamped with the number of days required for your visit to Ecuador.


The predominant and official language is Spanish in addition to Kichwa and shuar   for intercultural relation.


The predominant religion is Roman Catholic.


Eastern Standard / GMT minus 5 hours on Mainland Ecuador, and minus 6 hours in the Galapagos Islands.


110 volts, 60 cycles AC


Most city offices and banks are open from 9:00 to 17:00 Monday to Friday.

Shopping Centers open from 10:00 AM to 8:00 PM Monday through Saturday and from 10:00 AM to 17:00 PM on Sundays.

ATMs are easily found throughout the main cities. Cash advances can be made at most banks or ATMs. Banking facilities are not available and use of credit cards less common in remote areas, so it's advisable to carry cash.


As with many South American countries, Ecuador’s lush beauty, storied cities, ancient ruins, ad breathtaking natural sights coexist with dee-seated national problems. However, each year thousands of travelers return home from trips to Ecuador with nothing but wonderful things to say about their visit, the key is knowing where to visit and how to stay safe.

The safest option is to leave your documents and valuables in the safety box of your hotel.